In our last blog, we talked about the different types of stone finishes and how they are created. When choosing between stone finishes, the biggest deciding factors include the location and application of the stone surface. Each finish also creates its own look and texture, which can go a long way toward building a desired aesthetic. In this post, we’ll recap the main features of common stone finishes and provide a guide to their various applications.
Polished Stone Finishes
- The most common finish
- Glossy, mirror-like shine
- Provides a classy, sophisticated look
- Reflects light and does not change or hide the true colors and qualities of the stone
- Provides a smooth work surface
- Protects the stone against spills and stains
- Easy to clean
- Countertops – Polished stone is a popular choice for countertops, as it creates a beautiful, elegant look, draws attention to the stone without distorting its properties and creates a smooth, less porous work surface resistant to moisture and staining. In addition, polished finishes make countertops easy to wipe down!
- Flooring – This finish can also be used for flooring to create an elegant, formal look.
- Provides less shine/gloss than a polished surface
- Has a muted, softer look
- Retains the character of the stone
- May not show color and texture as well a polished finish does
- Provides a smooth work surface
- Countertops and Backsplashes – Honed finishes, especially honed granite, work well for countertops, as they provide a smooth work surface. They may not show the true color and qualities of the stone as well as a polished surface does, but they retain the essential character of the stone. A honed finish creates a muted, softer look which can give your space a relaxed, casual feel without sacrificing the elegance of the stone.
- Flooring – A honed finish leaves the stone less slippery than a polished surface does, which makes it a good choice for flooring. The less reflective surface can also help conceal flaws and evidence of wearing due to foot traffic, such as scratches or scuff marks.
- Also known as a “brushed” finish
- Not glossy and has little to no shine
- Has more depth than a honed finish
- Shows less staining, scratches and fingerprints than a polished surface
- Does not have a smooth surface
- May be more difficult to clean due to natural pits and fissures
- Bar Tops and Fireplace Surrounds – A leathered finish makes for a lovely room accent in the form of a bar top or fireplace surround. Its depth and more matte appearance looks beautiful under lower lighting conditions.
- Bathrooms – The textured surface of a leathered finish makes it less slippery, which is a desirable characteristic in spaces like bathrooms.
- Leaves edges of stone rough and chipped, creating a weathered, aged look
- Does not have a smooth finish
- Hides signs of wear and tear
- Flooring – The aged, distressed look of a tumbled finish can hide signs of wear and tear in high traffic areas and create a rustic, charming appearance.
- Bathrooms – This textured finish leaves surfaces less slippery, which works well in bathrooms.
- Backsplash – A tumbled finish can be used with backsplash to create a rustic, charming look and feel.
Bush Hammered Finishes
- Creates a bumpy surface
- Can be fine or coarse, with extreme or shallow grooves
- Walls or Flooring – This finish works well for walls or flooring and can be used for both interior and exterior surfaces.
- Textured, slightly bumpy surface
- Can lighten the stone and create a natural, faded appearance
- Outdoors – This finish creates a non-slip surface and works well for outdoor applications like exterior walls, floors and pavers. It would be an excellent choice for an outdoor kitchen.
- Silky, matte finish
- Can be coarse, which creates a lighter finish, or fine, which leaves a darker finish
- Monuments, Artwork and Gravestones – Sandblasted stone has tiny craters in its surface, which creates the matte, silky appearance often sought after for monument work, artwork, statues and gravestones.
A Note on Maintenance
The porosity of a stone plays a role in its ability to resist moisture and staining. A polished finish typically seals most pores in the stone, making it easy to clean and less susceptible to staining and moisture damage. Honed surfaces are more porous and may take on dark spots or staining more easily when exposed to moisture or certain foods, spices and drinks. Textured finishes can be slightly more difficult to clean, as they feature pits, fissures and grooves which can collect dust, moisture and staining agents. However, a regular quick wipe down of any natural stone makes cleaning much easier over time.
It’s important to note not all types of natural stone can accept all types of finishes. Depending on the specific stone, it might be wise to reach out to a manufacturer about which finishes are suitable. Here’s a quick guide:
If you have questions about stone finishes and their applications, please reach out to Cosmos SurfacesTM today! We offer a wide selection of stunning natural stone and our team of experts is always happy to help.
Color of the Month: Classic Blue
This month’s featured trending color is Pantone 19-4052, Classic Blue! The Pantone Color Trend Report says, “A boundless blue hue, Classic Blue is evocative of the vast and infinite evening sky opening us up to a world of possibilities.”
Alpine Blue granite is the definition of understated sophistication. Exquisite flashes of olive oil gold and deep indigo unfold across a canvas of speckled cream in this magnificent natural stone from India. Ground your home or commercial space by adding Alpine Blue to your countertops, floors or other parts of the property.